The beautiful city is located in the heart of the Island and surrounded by magnificent mountains. It has a rich history. According to historical records Kandy was first established as a city by King Vickramabahu III of Gampola (1357-1374). The origin of the more popular name for the city, Senkadagala, could have been from a number of sources. These include naming after a brahmin named Senkandagala who lived in a cave near the city, after a queen of King Wickramabahu named Senkanda or after a colored stone, named Senkadagala.
Sri Dalada Maligawa or the Temple of the Sacred Tooth Relic is a Buddhist temple in the city of Kandy, Sri Lanka. It is located in the royal palace complex of the Kingdom of Kandy, which houses the relic of the tooth of the Buddha.
The Esala Perahara, a cultural pageant venerating the tooth relic of Lord Buddha, is a spectacular parade which goes on for ten nights in the month of August.
To make the city more attractive, Royal botanical garden, commonly known as Peradeniya botanical garden is a beautiful place known for its rich collection of Orchids and it has more than 3000 varieties of orchids, spices, medicinal plants and palm trees.
The Classical Avenue of Palms is located in this Garden. One significant tree with a remarkable history is the Cannon ball Tree, planted by King George V of the United Kingdom and Queen Mary in 1901. The tree is bent with its fruits which looks like Cannon Ball and that is how it was given its name.